There are two joints in the lesser toes and one joint in the large toe. If the deformity occurs in the lesser toes and in the joint nearest the nail, it is called a mallet toe. If the deformity in the lesser toes involves both of the joints, then the toe is referred to as a claw toe. All four toe conditions may cause cramps in the toes, foot and leg due to the abnormal function of the tendons in the foot. If a mallet toe has occurred, you are likely to suffer from a corn at the end of the toe. Pronation is the normal motion that allows your foot to adapt to uneven walking surfaces and to absorb shock. Excessive pronation occurs when your foot has a tendency to turn outward, flattening the longitudinal arch, and stretching and pulling the fascia. It can cause not only foot pain, but since it may affect the gait, it may cause secondary problems in the hip, knee, and lower back. Heel Pain A stress fracture can occur in the heel and is caused by overuse during strenuous exercise, particularly running and high-impact aerobics. Stress fractures are common in military training. Arch and Bottom-of-the-Foot Pain If the patient's first point of call is a GP (general practitioner, primary care physician), they may be referred to a podiatrist (specialist foot doctor). It is important to accurately assess and diagnose the condition right from the start so that the patient can receive effective treatment. the patient may be asked to walk on a treadmill or pressure plate so that his/her gait can be assessed. This helps identify which parts of the foot are receiving pressure. Steroid injections to reduce pain and swelling. The patient may initially experience some pain and swelling at the injection site, which should go away within a few days. Calcaneal Apophysitis (Severs Disease) is a common form of pain in children ages that are 9 to 15 years old. More physically active children may develop this condition when they experience sharp, aching pain in their feet, particularly in their heels, which also may cause them to change their gait (the way their foot hits the ground as they walk or run). Tarsal Tunnel occurs as a result of the tibial nerve becoming pinched. When this tibial nerve is pinched or constricted, pain and inflammation may occur. This condition is much like the condition that affects the wrist, known as carpal tunnel syndrome. Bursitis of the heel - inflammation of the back of the heel can be caused by landing hard or awkwardly on the heel or by pressure from shoes. Achilles Tendinitis - inflammation of the large tendon that connects your calf muscle to your heel. This can be caused by running, tightness and lack of flexibility in your calf muscles, shoes with inadequate stability of shock absorption or sudden inward or outward turning of your heel when hitting the ground If you often experience heel pain on taking the first steps in the morning, consult a doctor soon. A timely treatment will surely help in alleviating the symptoms. Pain in the foot and the ankle could be caused due to a variety of reasons. It could be attributed to foot injuries or could be a symptom of medical conditions such as arthritis, ankle tendinitis or plantar fasciitis. Formation of corns, calluses or bone spurs in feet could also lead to foot pain. Ankle injury caused due to tearing of the ligaments is the most common foot injury that causes pain in the ankle region. The arrow points clearly to the callus formation. Improper fitting and too-tight shoes may be the cause, especially women?s dress shoes with a high heel, which force more weight onto the forefoot. If you have lower back pain including pain in the buttocks, legs and ankles accompanied by numbness, this could be a sign of a herniated disk that is putting pressure on the sciatic nerve located in the pelvic region of the back. This pain often occurs only on one side of the body. Seek a doctor's care for this type of pain as in severe cases surgery may be required. Occasionally, a foot specialist will inject the area with a steroid and anesthetic to reduce inflammation and numb the pain. This can?t be repeated very often, because the treatment can damage the tissues, but it can give you temporary relief. Like other bones, sesamoids can fracture. Additionally, the tendons surrounding the sesamoids can become irritated or inflamed, which is called sesamoiditis and is a form of tendonitis. Sesamoiditis is a common condition among ballet dancers, runners, and baseball catchers because of the pressures placed on their feet. Morton''s Neuroma is a common, painful foot condition that affects women more commonly than men and becomes very chronic if left untreated. The pain and numbness that affects the toes makes walking unbearable at times, necessitating people to stop, take off their shoes and massage their foot. This particular condition becomes even worse when wearing heels or narrow fitting shoes.